SIGHTS OF UKRAINE IN THE LIST OF UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE
Do you know that Ukraine has the most valuable monuments of culture, history and nature, which are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List? On the territory of our country there are only five of them, and all of them are carefully protected and studied, and one is even recognized as a masterpiece of human genius! Interesting? Then we invite you to a virtual tour of the most outstanding Ukrainian sights!
Center of Lviv
The central historical part of Lviv is the first part of the city where it was founded and began its development. Archaeological excavations show that the first settlements on the territory of Rynok Square were already in the 5th century! The ensemble was included in the UNESCO list in 1998. By the way, Lviv throughout its long history has never been renamed. And in the same city is concentrated the largest part of the architectural monuments of Ukraine. Objects protected by UNESCO include the Market Square and the Cathedral of Saint Jura.
Sofia Kiev and Kiev Pechersk Lavra
Outstanding monuments of medieval art from the time of Kievan Rus are included in the World Heritage List since 1990. The Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, built in 1051, is one of the very first monasteries in Russia. The names of the enlightener Peter Graves, the chronicler Nestor, painter Alipius and many others are also associated with Lavra. Here is the grave of PAStolypin and the relics of the Monk Ilia of Murom.
The Cathedral of St. Sophia of Kiev was founded in 1037 by Yaroslav the Wise, Grand Duke of Kiev. To this day, not only the architectural monument has been preserved, but also the interior of the cathedral – the most ancient frescoes and mosaics of great value to humanity, comparable to the famous ensembles of Venice, Montreal, Palermo, Constantinople, and others.
Virgin beech forests of the Carpathians
The protected beech forests, along with the forests of Germany and Slovakia, were marked by UNESCO in 2007. There are six forest reserves stretching on the Ukrainian territory stretching from the Rakhiv mountains to the Montenegrin ridge and further to the Slovak ranges. In reserves it is forbidden to conduct any economic activity. And some trees growing here have reached the age of 500!
Slender trunks, lush crowns that make up a thick carpet of leaves high above the head, through which the sun’s rays barely make their way – having been here you will remember this atmosphere forever!
In Ukraine, there are several points of the Struve geodetic arc, founded by the great scientist in the period 1816-1855. One of them is located on the territory of the Old Nekrasovka in the Odessa region. At this place, a memorial sign was placed on the UNESCO treasury in 2005. The entire arc has a length of 2820 km and consists of 265 reference points for observations scattered throughout Europe: from Norway to Russia.
The arc is of great scientific and historical importance to humanity. With her help, the astronomer Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve for the first time was able to reliably determine the size and shape of the Earth.
A few more observation points are located in the Khmelnitsky region.
Residence of Metropolitans of Bukovina and Dalmatia (University)
Chernivtsi is another World Heritage of Humanity – National University. Y.Fedkovich, or rather his building, which previously served as the official residence of the metropolitans. The object listed on the UNESCO list in 2011 strikes with an incredible wealth of external and internal design, in which there was a place for Roman-Gothic, Byzantine, Eastern, Moldovan, folk Bukovinian and many other motives.
In addition, such potential World Heritage sites are of great importance in the culture of our country:
Chernihiv cathedrals: Spaso-Preobrazhensky and Boris-Gleb.
Reserve “Askania-Nova” in the Kherson region.
Grave of T. Shevchenko in Kanev.
Crimean Palace of Bakhchisarai.
Old Nikolaev Observatory.
Stone grave (mound) in Melitopol.
Crimean cave cities (monasteries): Chufut-Kale, Mangup-Kale, Eski-Kerman.
The historical center of Odessa.